What would be an example of "assuming similarity" or "assuming superiority"?
In what particular context? An example of assuming similiarity would be: “You asked for some fruit so I got you an apple and an orange”. The speaker assumes that if the one is acceptable, the other will similarly be acceptable. An example of assuming superiority would be: By assuming that women couldn’t possibly compete on equal terms with men, unless they are given special consideration backed by forced - the law - femininsts assume the superiority of men which contradicts their own major premise of their entire ideology.