What are the main global directors of climate and weather?
Deniers tend to make it about one thing or another like the “Sun” when the reality is it far more complicated it’s the Sun, the atmosphere, volcanoes, the positions of the continents, ocean currents. Each of these has sub-sets of activity. Some are long term like continental drift that change climate over millions of years. Some like Volcanos and Co2 can change climate in decades, deneirs even admit volcanos have altered past climate, but they try to ignore current data on human emissions of Co2 which dwarf current volcanic emissions. Deniers also like to point out past climate (millions of years ago) when Co2 was much higher, but of course when they do they continently ignore the other points above like ocean current and continent positions. A denier favourite on this is about half a billion years ago. When the Sun itself was putting out about 5% less energy than it does today.
Energy. The energy comes from the Sun. Clouds, greenhouse gases, Earth's surface and the oceans are energy transducers that have a big effect on whether the energy stays here or escapes into space.
Pretty much all the energy that drives weather and climate originates from the sun. The distribution of ocean and land masses is extremely important for both weather and climate. Water and the conversion between its three states is a key factor in all storms. Water vapor, clouds and carbon dioxide are the primary contributors to the greenhouse effect, which makes the climate of Earth habitable. The greenhouse effect of water vapor and clouds is also important to weather, carbon dioxide is not as variable as the other two and because of that its effect is less important to weather. The tilt of the planet and the speed and direction of its rotation are also important. If the Earth rotated in the opposite direction the west coast would get hurricanes and snowstorms, while the east coast would be drier and more equable.
All one hears is climate vs weather, but no one mentions the Sun. The Sun is the major driver of the Earth’s climate and planetary mechanics is the driver of the Sun’s activity level. These solar activity levels can translate into active and inactive states. An inactive Sun weakens the Earth’s magnetosphere or defenses and therefore allows more Galactic Cosmic Rays to penetrate the Earth’s atmosphere creating more cloud cover, which has a cooling effect on the Planet. An active cycle strengthens the Sun’s defenses allowing less Galactic Cosmic Rays in, therefore less clouds and a warmer planet. Currently the Sun in transitioning into an inactive cycle and Global Cooling has started. Planetary mechanics is the study of orbiting celestial bodies, including changes to the solar system bary center, spin orbit coupling, and changes in angular momentum. It is the very interaction of the motion of the planets, Sun and moon which dictate our climate and our weather. This isn’t theory. This is astrophysics. There are numerous cycles built from combinations of solar, lunar and planetary cycles. Every 18 years there is the Lunar Tidal Cycle which corresponds to abundance cycles on Earth. About every 60 years there is the Pacific Decadal Oscillation cycle, the most powerful climate force on the planet. Then there is Uranus and Neptune (U-N) with their 178 year orbit beat cycle. The Sun also operates in 360 year cycles, a harmonic of the U-N cycle. Each 360 year cycle is composed of Regular Oscillations, followed by a Grand Solar Maximum, followed by a Grand Solar Minimum. This totally predictable 360 year cycle has resulted in the Oort, Sporer, Maunder, Dalton and other unnamed Minimums within the past two millennia. In 2009, we entered the next Grand Solar Minimum - the Eddy Minimum. This isn’t unfounded speculation, this has been predicted by true solar scientists like Zharkova, who the Alarmists refuse to recognize. From this point forward be prepared for relentless colder winter temperatures which will reach bottom around 2030. Along the way there will be ever-increasing fuel scarcity, crop failures, food shortages and famines. .
HARP, NOAA, and NASA.